Sharing Our Space with Wildlife in Halifax
Land Use in Halifax & Nova Scotia at large
- List of Parks and Protected Areas in Halifax Regional Municipality
Page on this website
- Sharing Our Space with Wildlife in Halifax
Chronicle Herald Dec 6, 2014 | Unabridged Version
- Halifax Regional Planning
Includes the recently reviewed The Regional Plan.
The Regional Plan establishes long-range, region-wide planning policies outlining where, when, and how future growth and development should take place in the municipality over the life of the Plan (to 2031).
Some key maps:
- Parks and Protected Areas
N.S. Gov. Website. Includes:
- Eastern Shore Islands
- 100 Wild Islands
A Nova Scotia Nature Trust campaign to protect a 100 island archipelago stretching over 30km along the eastern shore of Halifax Co. "These island which provide refuge for more than 100 species of birds from majestic eagles and osprey, to seabird colonies and a rich diversity of shorebirds and forest songbirds
Important habitats for imperiled species, including harlequin ducks and eiders."
- Fred Payne. 1976. Eastern Shore Islands W.M.A. N.S. DNR
Available at http://www.novascotia.ca/natr/wildlife/conserva/eastern-shore-islands.asp
An early description of the natural values of Halifax's Eastern Shore Islands.
"Off the coast of eastern Halifax county is a group of rock ledges, and partially treed or barren
islands. Here in the cold and damp of spring, eider ducks have always made a nest in the tangle
of brush, petrels built their nests in the shallow soils, and the rocks and grasses have held the
nests of guillemots and gulls."
Habitat Area, Fragmentation, Corridors,
- Karen Beazley et al., 2005. Biodiversity considerations in conservation system planning: map-based approach for Nova Scotia, Canada Ecological Applications 15:21922208. "C o l l e c t i v e l y , t h e s e b i o d i v e r s i t y c o n s i d e r a t i o n s i n d i c a t e t h a t ~6 0 % o f N o v a S c o t i a , i n c l u d i n g 3 2 % i n c o r e a r e a s , s h o u l d b e m a n a g e d f o r c o n s e r v a t i o n o b j e c t i v e s t o m a i n t a i n g e n e s , s p e c i e s , a n d e c o s y s t e m s o v e r t i m e . "
- Conservation Corridor - Connecting science to conservation (conservationcorridor.org)
"Landscape corridors are among the most important conservation strategies in the face of global changes such as habitat fragmentation, habitat destruction, and climate change. We aim to bridge the science and practice of conservation corridors. Conservation Corridor will provide up-to-date findings from science that will inform applied conservation. And, we will highlight new innovations in applied conservation, with the goal of guiding the direction of applied science toward management needs."
- Joern Fischer* and David B. Lindenmayer. 2007. Landscape modification and habitat
fragmentation: a synthesis
Global Ecology and Biogeography 16: 265-280. A review, with defiinitons for the sometimes confusing terminology.
- Andrew F. Bennett and Denis A. Saunders. 2010. Habitat fragmentation and landscape
change Ch 5 in Sodhi and Ehrlich: Conservation Biology for All PDF available at conbio.org
"This chapter begins by summarizing the conceptual
approaches used to understand conservation
in fragmented landscapes. We then examine
the biophysical aspects of landscape change, and
how such change affects species and communities,
posing two main questions: (i) what are
the implications for the patterns of occurrence of
species and communities?; and (ii) how does
landscape change affect processes that influence
the distribution and viability of species and communities?
The chapter concludes by identifying
the kinds of actions that will enhance the conservation
of biota in fragmented landscapes."
- Lynne Gilbert-Norton et al. 2009. A Meta-Analytic Review of Corridor Effectiveness. Conservation Biology, Volume 24, No. 3, 660668 " PDF available at
"After controlling for taxa differences
and whether studies controlled for distance in experimental design, we found that natural corridors (those
existing in landscapes prior to the study) showed more movement than manipulated corridors (those created
and maintained for the study). Our results suggest that existing corridors increase species movement in
fragmented landscapes and that efforts spent on maintaining and creating corridors are worthwhile."
- Anthony P. Clevenger and Marcel P. Huijser. 2011. Wildlife Crossing Structure Handbook.
Design and Evaluation in North America. Publication of U.S. Federal Highway Administration
Planning, Environment and Reality
PDF available at
"This handbook provides numerous solutions to wildlife-vehicle interactions by offering effective and safe wildlife crossing examples. It initially describes the critter crossing problem and justifies the need to solve it. Project and program level considerations are identified for planning, placement and design of wildlife crossing structures. Key design and ecological criteria, construction and maintenance guidelines, and effective monitoring techniques are shown and described in this handbook's practical application examples called Hot Sheets."
- Can the World Really Set Aside Half of the Planet for Wildlife?
Article by Tony Hiss
in Smithsonian Magazine, September 2014. "[E.O.] Wilson recently calculated that the only way humanity could stave off a mass extinction crisis, as devastating as the one that killed the dinosaurs 65 million years ago, would be to set aside half the planet as permanently protected areas for the ten million other species."
- Federico Montesino Pouzols et al., 2014.
Global protected area expansion is compromised by projected land-use and parochialism.
Letter to Nature, 14 November 2014.
"First, we show that with a coordinated global protected area network expansion to 17% of terrestrial land, average protection of species ranges and ecoregions could triple. Second, if projected land-use change by 2040 (ref. 11) takes place, it becomes infeasible to reach the currently possible protection levels, and over 1,000 threatened species would lose more than 50% of their present effective ranges worldwide. Third, we demonstrate a major efficiency gap between national and global conservation priorities. Strong evidence is shown that further biodiversity loss is unavoidable unless international action is quickly taken to balance land-use and biodiversity conservation."
- Port Adelaide Enfield Biodiversity Management Plan 2009-2014 (PDF)
It's in a different continent and climatic regime, but Port Adelaide Enfield has a lot of similarities to Halifax as a coastal area, and with wildland interspersed with settled areas.
"Successive Port Adelaide Enfield Council State of the Environment Reports (2000
and 2007) have recognised that preserving biodiversity is a fundamental aspect of
sustainable development, and is a key concern for all levels of government,
including local governments around Australia. With the current and future
pressures for significant broadscale development within the Port Adelaide Enfield
Council area, it is acknowledged that areas of biodiversity value should be
identified, and appropriate management regimes be implemented to ensure that
these areas are preserved and enhanced wherever practical....Council has endorsed its first Biodiversity Management Plan 2009 - 2014 which establishes a forward program for systematically identifying, surveying and monitoring key elements of biodiversity within the Council area - and ensuring protection and enhancement of key habitats within Council's own parks and reserves areas, in collaboration with other agencies and the local community. "
- Garden for Wildlife - Making Wildlife Habitat at Home
Website sponsoerd by U.S. national Wildlife Foundation "In just a few easy steps, you can turn your backyard, balcony or patch of grass into a habitat for wildlife".
- Sustainable Sites Initiative
"The SITES program provides tools for those who influence land development and management practices and can address increasingly urgent global concerns such as climate change, loss of biodiversity, and resource depletion. They can be used by those who design, construct, operate, and maintain landscapes, including but not limited to planners, landscape architects, engineers, developers, builders, maintenance crews, horticulturists, governments, land stewards, and organizations offering building standards."
- Lerman, S. B., V. K. Turner, and C. Bang. 2012. Homeowner associations as a vehicle for promoting native
urban biodiversity. Ecology and Society 17(4): 45. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-05175-170445. Available at http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol17/iss4/art45/
"Homeowner associations (HOA) manage a significant proportion of residential developments in the United States, which includes the landscape design for yards and gardens. These areas have the potential to mitigate the loss of urban biodiversity when they provide habitat for native wildlife. "
Posted Nov 22, 2014